A brief history of the Bullmastiff...
The known history of the Bullmastiff begins around the year 1860, in England. It
is probable that the story of the breed is really centuries old.
The Bullmastiff was bred to aid gamekeepers in protecting the game on large
English estates. Poaching on the estates was an expensive problem for the
landowners, and it was the gamekeeper’s duty to catch the thieves.
Gamekeepers needed a dog that could track quietly, cover short distances
quickly, and pin and hold poachers without mauling them. Gamekeepers
experimented with several breeds, looking to the mastiff, which was too slow,
and then the bulldog, which was at the time a more ferocious dog than he is
today, in fact too ferocious. Out of these breeds, the bullmastiff was born. He
combined the best of both breeds for the job required of him. The combination
consisted of 60% Mastiff and 40% bulldog. He is now primarily a family
companion with a calm, dependable disposition when properly trained and
The Bullmastiff was accepted as a recognized breed of the American Kennel
Club in October 1933.
25-27 inches for males. Females are smaller.
Shades of brindle, fawn, red fawn or red. Slight white markings on the chest
permissible, black muzzle
Short hard hair, weather resistant, smooth, and dense, lying flat to body.
Head and Skull:
Eyes dark or hazel, set apart the width of muzzle. Muzzle short and square should
be one third of length of skull, broad under eyes and sustaining nearly same width
to end of nose. Skull large and square with fair amount of wrinkles, pronounced
stop. Under jaw broad to end. Nose broad with widely spreading nostrils; flat,
neither pointed nor turned up in profile. Flews not pendulous, never hanging
below level of lower jaws.
Well arched, moderate in length very muscular and almost equal to skull in
Preferably level or slightly undershoot. Canine teeth large and set wide apart.
(I have only meet ONE bullie that had a level bite, most are quite undershot, as
long as bottom teeth do not show when mouth is closed)
Hind legs strong, and muscular; with well developed second thighs, denoting power
and activity, not cumbersome. Hocks moderately bent. Cow hocks highly
Well arched, cat-like, with rounded toes, pads hard. Dark toenails desirable. Splay
feet highly undesirable. Loins wide and muscular with fair depth of flank.
Set high, strong at root and tapering, reaching to hocks, carried straight or curved,
but never like a
Attentive, loyal, fearless, gentle and loving.
With Children: Yes, will tolerate children.
With Other Pets: If properly socialized, the Bullmastiff can get along with
other pets. This breed will tend to dominate their own kind.
Guard Dog and Family Pet
Very High, excellent body guard, natural guard-dog to family and home.
Care and Exercise:
Nails should be kept short. Minimal brushing of coat is required. Diet and daily
exercise are need to be balanced for good health. Bullmastiffs need daily walks or
a large yard to run in.
Being obedience training at a young age. A Bullmastiff is sensitive to the tone of
your voice. They do best with fair, consistent and just approach to training.
High, Obedience - Very High, Problem Solving - High
Activity: Outdoors - High, Indoors - Low
A large fenced backyard or the country is preferred. An owner of a Bullmastiff
must be a strong, easygoing, confident leader.
Health Issues: Gastric torsion and sometimes cancer, Hip dysplasia.
5 - 8
Country of Origin:
Developed in the late nineteenth century by crossing the Mastiff
with the Bulldog, the Bullmastiff was breed to combine power, speed and a
keen sense of smell with the courage and aggression of a bulldog. In 1924
Bullmastiffs were standardized and officially recognized in England. First
Registered by the AKC in 1934
AKC, ANKC, CKC, FCI (Group 2), KC (GB), UKC